Many homeowners choose to filter their water, but navigating all the types of water filters can be daunting since they use different technologies to remove impurities like chemicals and bacteria from drinking water. Depending on what type of contaminants are in your water supply, certain water filters may be more beneficial to you than others. This article goes over different home water filters and how they will purify your water.
Activated Charcoal Water Filters
Out of all the different water filters, activated charcoal is the most common. Water runs through charcoal carbon and absorbs impurities like chlorine and volatile organic compounds (VOCs).
Don’t expect this type of water filter to remove bacteria, viruses, dissolved metals, or fluoride. Activated charcoal is what is found in built-in refrigerator water filters. They also come in pitcher filters, faucet filters, and under sink filters.
Reverse Osmosis Water Filters
Reverse osmosis sends water through a semipermeable membrane to capture contaminants before the water comes out of the tap. If you have lead in your drinking water, a reverse osmosis filter is a good option to remove it and other heavy metals. It will also remove most bacteria and viruses.
Reverse osmosis alone does not remove chlorine, which is added to most municipal drinking water. If this is a concern, look for reverse osmosis systems that include a charcoal filter to reduce chlorine.
UV Light Water Purifiers
UV or ultraviolet water purification systems kill viruses and bacteria by exposing them to UV light instead of filtering them out. In areas that have problems with bacteria and viruses in the water, a UV water purifier is a great choice. This technology is the most effective at removing living organisms from water.
How to Choose Between Different Water Filters
To decide which type of these different water filters is right for your home, have your drinking water tested by a professional. Once you know which contaminants you should remove, you can choose the most effective water filter for your situation. Help your family stay healthy by filtering your home drinking water.